- 1. To move portions of a food using a ladle.
2. A utensil with a cup-like bowl and a long hooked
or pierced handle used to pour sauces and liquids.
Lait - (French) Milk.
Lamb, Yearling - The meat of a sheep slaughtered
when less than 1 year old.
Larding or Larder - To insert strips of
fat into pieces of meat, so that the cooked meat
stays moist and juicy.
Lasagna - 1. Wide, flat Italian pasta sheets
with ruffled or smooth edges. 2. An Italian dish
made with boiled lasagna layered with ricotta
and mozzarella cheese, meats and/or vegetables
and topped with a tomato or meat sauce and baked.
Lavender - This aromatic relative of the mint
plant is often used to make herb tea.
Lean - The FDA approved food labeling term
used to describe meat, poultry, game, fish or
shellfish that contains less than 10 grams of
fat, less than 4 grams of saturated fat, and 95
mg of cholesterol per serving or per 100 grams.
Leaven - To insert gas into a dough or
batter by adding an ingredient, such as yeast,
baking powder or baking soda, causing it to expand,
or rise, lightening the texture of the baked product.
Lebkuchen - A thick, cake-like German cookie
made with honey, spices, citron and ground almonds.
The dough is often cut into shapes or baked in
decorative molds, then topped with a hard confectioner's
Leek - Has a thick, cylindrical white stalk
with a slightly bulbous root end and dark green
leaves. The tender, white stalk has a flavor that
is sweeter and stronger than a scallion but milder
than an onion.
Legumes - Plant species that have seed
pods that split along both sides when ripe. Some
edible legumes are beans, lentils, peas, etc.
- A citrus fruit with a bright yellow pitted skin,
juicy flesh and a very tart, sour flavor.
Lemon Grass - Light green stalks with a
citrus flavor and scent used in Thai and other
Asian cuisines for flavoring.
Lentils - A legume with small flat seeds
used in soups and stews.
Lettuce - Any of a variety of plants of
the genus Lactuca grown worldwide. Lettuce leaves
are consumed fresh in salads or used as a garnish.
There are three principal types of lettuces: butterhead,
crisp head (iceberg) and leaf.
- A mixture of cream and egg yolks used to thicken
and enrich soups and sauces.
Light - FDA term used to define food that
has 33 percent fewer calories, 50 percent less
fat, or 50 percent less sodium than the regularly
Liguria Olive - An Italian salt-brine-cured
black olive with a strong flavor; sometimes packed
Lima Beans - There are two common varieties
of lima beans: the Fordhook and the baby (also
called sieva). The pale green bodies of both varieties
have a slight kidney-shaped curve. The Fordhook
is larger and plumper than the baby lima. Limas
can be used as a side dish, in soups and in the
traditional dish succotash.
Limburger Cheese - An extremely strong-smelling,
semihard, fermented cheese first made in Limburg,
Belgium, but now more commonly produced in Germany.
Limburger has a yellow to reddish-brown rind,
a yellow interior and a paste-like consistency.
Lime - A small ovoid citrus fruit with
a thin, pitted, green skin. Limes have juicy,
pale green pulp and a very tart flavor.
Linguine - Long, narrow, moderately thick
strands of pasta.
Liqueur - A sweet, aromatic alcoholic drink
typically served after a meal. Liqueurs are often
used as flavorings in baked desserts and dessert
Litchi, Lychee - A small fruit from China
and the West Indies, with a hard shell and sweet,
juicy flesh. The flesh is white with a gelatinous
texture and a musky, perfumed flavour.
Loaf Pan - A deep rectangular baking pan available
in various sizes; used for baking breads, cakes
Lobster - Any of several varieties of saltwater
crustaceans; with a long jointed body, large tail
and front claws, and legs surrounded by a reddish-brown
or blue-black shell which turns bright red when
cooked. The firm white meat has a rich, sweet
Loganberries - Possibly a raspberry-blackberry
hybrid, this berry is juicy, sweet and tart. Plump,
purple-red loganberries can be used to make jams
Mein - 1. A dish consisting meat and poultry
with water chestnuts, bamboo shoots, green onions,
mushrooms and Chinese egg noodles. 2. Fresh Chinese
Loquat - A small pear-shaped fruit native
to China, though also known as a Japanese medlar
or Japanese plum; has yellowish-orange skin and
Lovage - A large, celery-like herb with a
thick stalk and a lemony, musky, celery-like flavor.
Low Calorie - A food containing 40 calories
or less per serving.
Low Cholesterol - A food containing 20 milligrams
or less of saturated fat and 2 grams or less of
saturated fat per serving.
Low Fat, Low-fat - A food containing 3 grams
of fat or less per serving.
Low Saturated Fat - A food containing 1 gram
of fat or less per serving and not more than 15
percent of its calories from saturated fatty acids.
Low Sodium - A food containing 140 milligrams
or less per serving.
Lox - Very thinly sliced brine-cured, cold-smoked
salmon; slightly saltier than other forms of smoked
Lugano Olive - Italian black olive, sometimes
packed with olive leaves; usually very salty.
Lumache - Italian term for snails; describes
large pasta shells designed for stuffing.
Potatoes - A French side dish of sliced potatoes
sautéed with onions.